Friday, 28 November 2014

Flower of the day: Oxalis acetosella

Oxalis acetosella
Oxalis acetosella (wood sorrel or common wood sorrel) is a rhizomatous plant from the genus Oxalis, common in most of Europe and parts of Asia. The binomial name is Oxalis acetosella, because of its sour taste. The common name wood sorrel is often used for other plants in the genus Oxalis. In much of its range it is the only member of its genus and hence simply known as "the" wood sorrel. While common wood sorrel may be used to differentiate it from most other species of Oxalis, in North America, Oxalis montana is also called common wood sorrel. It is also known as Alleluia because it blossoms between Easter and Pentecost, when the Psalms which end with Hallelujah were sung.

The plant has trifoliate compound leaves, the leaflets heart-shaped and folded through the middle, that occur in groups of three on petioles up to 10cm long. It flowers from spring to midsummer with small white chasmogamous flowers with pink streaks. Red or violet flowers also occur rarely.[citation needed] During the night or when it rains the flowers close and the leaves fold.

As with other species of wood sorrel, the leaves are sometimes eaten. An oxalate called "sal acetosella" was formerly extracted from the plant, through boiling.
Oxalis acetosella growing at Phoenix Park, Dublin, Ireland.

The common wood sorrel is sometimes referred to as a shamrock and given as a gift on St. Patrick's Day. This is due to its trifoliate clover-like leaf, and to early references to shamrock being eaten. Despite this, it is generally accepted that the plant described as shamrock is a species of clover, usually white clover (Trifolium repens).

Source :

Thursday, 27 November 2014

Expo 2016 Antalya at the Flower Show Turkey 2014

When Antalya exposes in Istanbul !

Mr. Selami Gülay, Secretary General of EXPO 2016 Antalya Agency, gave an interview to the foreign press members at the first day of Flower Show Turkey 2014 :

The visitors from Japan asked questions about EXPO 2016 Antalya at Flower Show Turkey 2014 :

Follow Expo 2016 Antalya on Facebook :

Flower Show Turkey 2014 - Istanbul

Flower Show Turkey 2014 - The Great Meeting at 27 - 30 November 2014

The Largest Trade Fair of Plants Sector in Eurasia
Istanbul Fair Center 9-10-11 Halls Yeşilköy / Istanbul

Why you should visit :
Flower Show Turkey – the place to see new products, new innovations, new suppliers and make new business! The Flower Show Turkey/Eurasia Plant Fair 2014, will be the region’s largest trade event for the professional horticultural and floricultural sector attracting hundreds of suppliers showcasing thousands of products. There is no more convenient location to view and compare a wide range of international and local products, meet new suppliers and negotiate the best deals for your business.  NEW MARKETS, NEW OPPORTUNITIES With nearly 300 exhibiting companies from across the globe, visitors will have a unique opportunity to view a comprehensive range of the very latest offerings from the leading international and local suppliers. Visitors will be able to view and compare. If you want to keep up to date on the latest trends, new innovations, new suppliers and new opportunities, then attending Flower Show Turkey 2014 is a must. Increase your competitive edge at the Flower Show Turkey 2014 Strategically located in Istanbul, a trading hub where East-meets-West, the Flower Show Turkey is a dynamic and forward-looking fair which is home to thousands of new and innovative products which can provide your business with that all important competitive edge.

Be first to see new trends in the horticulture/floriculture sector and be the number one choice to meet that growing demand. The Flower Show Turkey/Eurasia Plant Fair 2014 can further improve your competitive performance by
• Enabling you to view a diverse range of products
• Meet many new suppliers
• Compare prices
• Compare quality
• Improve profit margins
• Learn about new market trends and how to adapt your sales and marketing strategies
• Through face-to-face contact, tailor your new agreements to suit your future purchasing needs … and much more

More information on Flower Show Turkey 2014 :  

Wednesday, 26 November 2014

Flower of the day: Phlox subulata

Phlox subulata

Phlox subulata (creeping phlox, moss phlox, moss pink, or mountain phlox) is a species of flowering plant in the family Polemoniaceae, native to eastern and central USA, and widely cultivated. Growing to 15 cm (6 in) high and covering a 50 cm (20 in) wide area, it is an evergreen perennial forming mats or cushions of hairy, linear leaves. The small, five-petaled flowers bloom in rose, mauve, blue, white, or pink in late spring to early summer.
The Latin specific epithet subulata means awl- or needle-shaped.
Altercations between gardeners and law enforcement personnel occasionally occur when the odor given off by the plants is mistaken for that of marijuana.

  • Requires full sun and well-drained soil.
  • Hardiness zones: USDA zone 3 to 9
The cultivar 'McDaniel's Cushion' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Market Flower of the World #6 - Barcelona - Spain

It's time to continue our travel around the world, to discover the Flower markets...

Today, we stop in Spain, Barcelona... on the best place and much know since a long time :
Rambla de San José - Mercado de Flores...

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Flower of the day: Schizostylis coccinea
Schizostylis coccinea  or Hesperantha coccinea

Hesperantha coccinea (river lily or crimson flag; syn. Schizostylis coccinea Backh. & Harv.) is a flowering plant in the family Iridaceae, native to South Africa and Zimbabwe.

It is a semievergreen perennial growing to 60 cm (24 in) tall, with slender lanceolate leaves up to 40 cm (16 in) long and 1 cm (0.4 in) broad. The flowers are red, occasionally pink or white, 30–35 mm long, with six petals; they are produced four to ten alternately on a spike in late summer to autumn.

Cultivation and uses
It is cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens for its flowers, used in floristry. It is only hardy to between −5 to −10 °C (23 to 14 °F); in colder regions it is grown under glass. It is sometimes known in cultivation as "Kaffir lily"; this name is best avoided as "kaffir" is considered an offensive ethnic slur in Africa.

Numerous cultivars are available, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:
  • 'Jennifer'
  • 'Major'
  • 'Sunrise'

Monday, 24 November 2014

A nice Video for Expo 2016 Antalya...

Flowers and Children
Expo 2016 Antalya

Şakayıkakayık - Paeonia Turcica... Flower Symbol of the Expo 2016 Antalya...
The first tree-planting ceremony...
Flower Festival...
...and more :

Friday, 21 November 2014

Flower of the day: Sedum spectabile

Hylotelephium spectabile (formerly called Sedum spectabile)

Hylotelephium spectabile is a species of flowering plant in the stonecrop family Crassulaceae, native to China and Korea. Its common names include showy stonecrop, ice plant, and butterfly stonecrop. Growing to 45 cm (18 in) tall and broad, it is an herbaceous perennial with alternate, simple, toothed leaves on erect, unbranched succulent stems. The star-shaped pink flowers are borne in flat cymes 15 cm (6 in) across, in fall (autumn).
The specific epithet spectabile means "showy".

This plant is valued in cultivation as drought-tolerant groundcover. Numerous cultivars have been produced. The species[ and the cultivar 'Brilliant' have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Source :

Thursday, 20 November 2014

Market Flower of the World #5 - Amsterdam - Bloemenmarkt Singel

As we know, the Netherlands is a country renowned for its flowers and its horticulture.
The first Market Flower of Amsterdam opened in 1862 on the Sint-Lucienwal.
 In 1883, the flower market at moved to its current place on the banks of the Singel.
At that time, the market was called: market to trees and plants.
Cut flowers began to have success in the 1960s... Perhaps because of the success of the first Floriade Horticultural Exposition which was held in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. It was first horticultural exhibition of A1 category approved by the BIE and AIPH, the same category as Expo 2016 Antalya.

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

Flower of the day: Valeriana officinalis

Valerian (herb)

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer months. Valerian flower extracts were used as a perfume in the sixteenth century.
Native to Europe and parts of Asia, valerian has been introduced into North America. It is consumed as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species including Grey Pug.
Other names used for this plant include garden valerian (to distinguish it from other Valeriana species), garden heliotrope (although not related to Heliotropium) and all-heal (which is also used for plants in the genus Stachys). Red valerian, often grown in gardens, is also sometimes referred to as "valerian", but is a different species (Centranthus ruber) from the same family and not very closely related.
Valerian, in pharmacology and herbal medicine, is the name of a herb or dietary supplement prepared from roots of the plant. Crude extract of the root is often sold in the form of capsules. Valerian root has sedative and anxiolytic effects. It can also be classified as a drug, since its consumption produces a sedative or medicinal effect, while it is not exclusively a type of food. These effects are suspected to be mediated through the GABA receptor.[1] The amino acid valine is named after this plant.

Valerian has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. Hippocrates described its properties, and Galen later prescribed it as a remedy for insomnia. In medieval Sweden, it was sometimes placed in the wedding clothes of the groom to ward off the "envy" of the elves.[2] In the sixteenth century the Anabaptist reformer Pilgram Marpeck prescribed valerian tea for a sick woman.

The name of the herb is derived from the personal name Valeria and the Latin verb valere (to be strong, healthy).

Source and More :

Tuesday, 18 November 2014

History - The Horticultural Building, Chicago 1893 #3

 World's Columbian Exposition - Chicago 1893

Third part of the story...

Main structure and dome of the Horticulture Building.
The admirable features of the Horticultural Building's architecture to be considered were lost to the eye of many for the double reason that its chief attractions were near the center and were to an extent lost in a view of the structure as a whole, and that the space between the Horticulture Building and the West Lagoon was but the width of a roadway and prevented the observer from going a sufficient distance away from the structure to perceive its idea in its entirety. Practically, the only proper point of appreciative observation of the Horticulture Building was on then Wooded Island, and from this point, because of the intevening shrubbery, very few photographs were taken. In the accompanying illustration one of these views is reproduced and shows the vast dome of the edifice with all the architectural affects supporting it. They appear, certainly, to advantage under present circumstances.

The great symmetry of the whole appeals to the eye event of those untrained to the criticism of architectural effects. Approaching its main portal only by the parallel highway, many thousands who entered the great structure failed to realize the beauty of its facade. Here just what that beauty was is indicated. Taken alone, with the connecting curtains and the great end structures swept away, the Horticulture Building might haver become even more noted than it did as one of the architectural marvels of the Fair and one fully up to the standard of the great works beyond it. It was pleasant thing to look upon.
The City of Palaces Album, 1893.

Flower of the day: Vinca major

Vinca major

Vinca major, with the common names bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle, greater periwinkle and blue periwinkle, is species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae, native to the western Mediterranean. Growing to 25 cm (10 in) tall and spreading indefinitely, it is an evergreen perennial, frequently used in cultivation as groundcover.

The genus name probably derives from the Latin word vincire, meaning bind, as the long creeping vines were used to prepare garlands. The species name major refers to the larger size in respect of the similar Vinca minor L.

Vinca major is a trailing vine, spreading along the ground and rooting along the stems to form dense masses of groundcover individually 2–5 m across and scrambling up to 50–70 cm high.
The leaves are opposite, nearly orbicular at the base of the stems and lanceolate at the apex, 3–9 cm long and 2–6 cm broad, glossy dark green with a leathery texture and an entire but distinctly ciliate margin, and a hairy petiole 1–2 cm long.
The flowers are hermaphrodite, axillary and solitary, violet-purple, 3–5 cm diameter, with a five-lobed corolla. The calyx surrounding the base of the flower is 10–17 millimetres (0.39–0.67 in) long with hairy margins. The flowering period extends from early spring to autumn.

Distribution and habitat
This species is found in southern Europe and northern Africa, from Spain and southern France east to the western Balkans, and also in northeastern Turkey and the western Caucasus. It prefers moist undergrowth, woodlands, hedgerows and banks along the rivers at an altitude of 0–800 metres (0–2,625 ft) above sea level. It grows well in full sun and in deep shade.

Source and More :

Expo'90 Osaka... the look of the guide book... in video

Each horticultural Expo its own guide...

I propose you to discover the Guide of Expo'90 in Japanese version,

The International Garden and Greenery Exposition,
Osaka, Japan, 1990.

funny and interesting... even if we do not understand Japanese !

Monday, 17 November 2014

Flower of the day: Viola tricolor

Viola tricolor

Viola tricolor, known as heartsease, heart's ease, heart's delight, tickle-my-fancy, Jack-jump-up-and-kiss-me, come-and-cuddle-me, three faces in a hood, or love-in-idleness, is a common European wild flower, growing as an annual or short-lived perennial. It has been introduced into North America, where it has spread widely, and is known as the johnny jump up (though this name is also applied to similar species such as the yellow pansy). It is the progenitor of the cultivated pansy, and is therefore sometimes called wild pansy; before the cultivated pansies were developed, "pansy" was an alternative name for the wild form.

V. tricolor is a small plant of creeping and ramping habit, reaching at most 15 cm in height, with flowers about 1.5 cm in diameter. It grows in short grassland on farms and wasteland, chiefly on acid or neutral soils. It is usually found in partial shade. It flowers from April to September (in the northern hemisphere). The flowers can be purple, blue, yellow or white. They are hermaphrodite and self-fertile, pollinated by bees.

As its name implies,[citation needed] heartsease has a long history of use in herbalism. It has been recommended, among other uses, for epilepsy, asthma, skin diseases and eczema. V. tricolor has a history in folk medicine of helping respiratory problems such as bronchitis, asthma, and cold symptoms. It has expectorant properties, and so has been used in the treatment of chest complaints such as bronchitis and whooping cough. It is also a diuretic, leading to its use in treating rheumatism and cystitis.

The flowers have also been used to make yellow, green and blue-green dyes, while the leaves can be used to make a chemical indicator.
Long before cultivated pansies were released into the trade in 1839, V. tricolor was associated with thought in the "language of flowers", often by its alternative name of pansy (from the French "pensée" - thought):[citation needed] hence Ophelia's often quoted line in Shakespeare's Hamlet, "There's pansies, that's for thoughts". What Shakespeare had in mind was V. tricolor, not a modern garden pansy.

Shakespeare makes a more direct reference, probably to V. tricolor in A Midsummer Night's Dream. Oberon sends Puck to gather "a little western flower" that maidens call "love-in-idleness". Oberon's account is that he diverted an arrow from Cupid's bow aimed at "a fair vestal, throned by the west" (supposedly Queen Elizabeth I) to fall upon the plant "before milk-white, now purple with love's wound". The "imperial vot'ress" passes on "fancy-free", destined never to fall in love. The juice of the heartsease now, claims Oberon, "on sleeping eyelids laid, Will make or man or woman madly dote Upon the next live creature that it sees." Equipped with such powers, Oberon and Puck control the fates of various characters in the play to provide Shakespeare's essential dramatic and comic structure for the play.

Source and More :

Market Flower of the World #4 - London

One of the oldest flower market, Covent Garden, London, in 1790.

The market, in 1720 :

And today, you visit the NEW Covent Garden Market Flower :

New Covent Garden Market, London, SW8 5BH

Friday, 14 November 2014

Flower of the day: Zinnia elegans

Zinnia elegans (common zinnia, youth-and-old-age), an annual flowering plant of the genus Zinnia, is one of the best known zinnias.

The uncultivated plant grows to about 30 in (76 cm) in height. It has solitary flower heads about 2 in (5 cm) across on stems resembling daisies. The purple florets surround black and yellow discs. The lanceolate leaves are opposite the flower heads.

The species was collected in 1789 at Tixtla, Guerrero, by Sessé and Mociño. It was formally described as Zinnia violacea by Cavanilles in 1791. Jacquin described it again in 1792 as Zinnia elegans, which was the name that Sessé and Moçiño had used in their manuscript of Plantae Novae Hispaniae, which was not published until 1890. The genus was named by Carl von Linné after the German botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn, who described the species now known as Zinnia peruviana in 1757 as Rudbeckia foliis oppositis hirsutis ovato-acutis, calyce imbricatus, radii petalis pistillatis. Linné realized that it was not a Rudbeckia.

Source :

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Expo 2016 Antalya... men at work !

Here's a few pics from the Worksite of Expo 2016 Antalya... will be fabulous, and we're all very impatient to visit the event... in 2016 !

Pic Courtesy Selcuk Cakal

Friday, 7 November 2014

Market Flower of the World #3

For this third walk in the land of the flower markets, we go in the South of the France, in Cannes.

renowned flower market that exists since a long time, there's a few postcards, over one hundred years ago!